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Peruvian national dish

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Peruvian national dish

With more than 500 years old, the ceviche is undoubtedly the peruvian national dish. It is one of the most representative dishes and is the perfect example of Peruvian pride. The basic raw material for its preparation is ultrafresh fish, which makes it one of the most delicious and popular dishes of our cuisine. Its name originates in the Quechua word 'Siwichi', which translates as 'fresh fish'. It is precisely for this reason that the fish used to prepare it must always be fresh from the day, never frozen.

Although there are more than two hundred ways to prepare it (shrimp ceviche, scallops, corvina, Japanese style, etc.), the standard recipe only has five ingredients: raw fish in pieces (preferably sole), freshly squeezed lemon juice, Red pepper, red onion and salt. Always accompanied by a touch of creativity in its preparation and when presenting it.

It is an entry served cold, accompanied by onion and chili pepper. By not requiring stoves in between, its preparation is simple, but also has its tricks.

It should be noted that in March 2004 the cebiche was declared "Cultural Patrimony of the Nation", according to a resolution of the National Institute of Culture. Then, four years later, the Ministry of Production established the National Ceviche Day on June 28 to encourage the consumption of fish at times when it is reduced by the change in climate.

 

For all tastes

Scholars maintain that the cebiche was born in the pre-Inca Moche culture (100-700 AD), on the north coast of Peru, and then spread to other South American countries.

Over the years, the ceviche has adapted to the demands of the gastronomic boom in Peru and the palates of tourists, so a series of ingredients have been added. Now it can be found in Ceviche restaurants with seafood, beef, mango, avocado and some of it prepared with milk. The peruvian national dish combines very well with a good Peruvian pisco sour. In addition, it provides proteins of high biological value, omega 3 and omega 6 polyunsaturated fatty acids, as well as minerals and vitamins, according to the National Institute of Health.

There is abundant literature on recipes of this peruvian national dish, but the renowned Peruvian chef Gastón Acurio published the book "Ceviche Power" in which he collects more than 40 recipes from the most renowned cebicheros teachers in Peru. Acurio traveled more than 3,000 kilometers of Peruvian coast and Andean areas in search of the most delicious ceviche. In his book, he goes through the history and secrets of each region and his most representative ceviche.

 

Other typical plates of Peru

The 'star' products of Peru are the potato; corn, which is of Central American origin was introduced in the country about 6,000 years ago, and chili, with dozens of varieties. They prepare some of the most popular dishes of Peruvian cuisine, including:

 

Huancaina's style potato

Delicious recipe originally from the city of Huancayo, in the center of Peru. It is prepared with cooked potatoes dipped in a sauce made of yellow chili and fresh cheese. This delicious dish, typical of Andean Peruvian cuisine, has already won several awards at recognized international culinary fairs. Its flavor has gone around the world.

 

Chili pepper

It is a very popular dish in Peru. It is prepared with three basic ingredients: chicken, yellow pepper and bread soaked in milk. The result of an excellent fusion of Spanish and Quechua ingredients, ají de gallina has gained popularity in other Latin American countries such as Bolivia and Colombia.

 

Causa Limeña

The yellow potato is the queen of the potatoes, the main ingredient of the cause. It is reduced to mashed and seasoned with yellow pepper, lemon, oil and salt. The fillings are multiple: chicken, tuna, crab and even vegetables, which is why it is the most versatile dish of the Peruvian table.

 

Lomo saltado

It is an ancient dish fruit of the fusion of Cantonese cuisine with the Peruvian Creole in the mid-nineteenth century. It is made with juicy pieces of loin and sauteed with red onion, tomato and yellow pepper; seasoned with cilantro, soy sauce and a touch of vinegar. It can be found in any restaurant in Peru, since it is a very popular recipe in the Andean country.

 

Shrimp soup

It is one of the emblematic foods of the city of Arequipa, in southern Peru. Its delicious flavor is due to the variety of ingredients properly combined. In its original version it is prepared with concentrated broth made with shrimp coral, tails of the same crustacean, chili, poached egg, yellow potatoes, fresh cheese and milk. All a delicacy.

 

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