South America offers a huge number of natural, cultural and historical beauties making it an extraordinary goal to tourists from all around the world ranging from backpackers to exacting customers! South American visitors either visit just one country or visit a couple of countries at once. The latter is more common. Most of tourists return to South America several times as they are attracted by its exceptional atmosphere as well as to continue its exploration that is difficult to do just within an only journey!
The most visited South American countries are Peru (Machu Picchu and Inca Trail), Brazil, Bolivia (Uyuni Salt Flats, Rurrebanaque), Argentina (Patagonia, Iguazu), Chile, Ecuador (Galapagos), Venezuela and Colombia.
Visitors of Peru are focused mostly on visiting Machu Picchu, the Lost City of the Incas, the New Wonder of the World and the site protected by UNESCO! Except of that, they aim to hike the Inca Trail (an authentic Inca path) or other alternative treks to Machu Picchu! Other exceptional places of interest are the former capital of the Inca's Empire – Cusco, Titicaca Lake with its Uros Floating Islands, Taquile and Amantani islands, the deepest canyon in the world – Colca Canyon, monumental fortress of Kuelap build by the Chachapoyas Cloud People and called the “Machu Picchu of the Northern Peru”, the most ancient city of both Americas – Caral (built 5000 years ago), the impressive mountainous Huascaran National Park, the ancient geoglyphs of Nazca Lines that can be seen only by flying over them, Ballestas Islands called the “Gallapagos of the Poor” for its cheaper price, the most ancient city made of adobe – Chan Chan, Amazon Rainforest and many, many other places!! Peru possesses the biggest variety of ancient cultures of all South American countries!
In Brazil, visitors can admire exquisite sandy beaches such as Copacabana, visit its capital Rio de Janeiro and a major part of Amazon Rainforest shared with other countries such as Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia and Venezuela. There can be also seen the beautiful waterfalls of Iguazu that Brazil shares with two other countries – Argentina and Uruguay.
Bolivia is mostly visited for its imposing salt pans of Salar de Uyuni, Sun Island lying on the Bolivian part of the Titicaca Lake and considered as the cradle of the Inca civilization, the highest capital in the world – La Paz, colonial mines of silver in Potosi, the most ancient Bolivian city and culture of Tiwanaco and Amazon Rainforest.
Tourists to Argentina usually head for its capital Buenos Aires, enjoy excellent wines and steaks, admire tango dances, go to see Perito Moreno – the only moving snowy peak that does not defrost, or enjoy viewing the impressive waterfalls of Iguazú. Last but not least highlight of the country is exceptional nature of Patagonia lying in the south of the country being divided between Argentina and Chile.
The main highlights of Chile are Easter Island, cold and extraordinary nature of Patagonia, its capital of Santiago, beaches and excellent wines.
Ecuador can offer a unique nature of Galapagos, historical centre of the capital – Quito, lovely beaches and a part of the Amazon Rainforest.
Venezuela can pride in Salto Angel, the highest waterfalls in the world (979 metres), magnificent Caribbean beaches, Amazon Rainforest or the Maracaibo Lake – the biggest lake of South America as well as of Latin America (13,210 km²)! The lake is one of the most ancient lakes worldwide! It also possesses great petroleum richness.
In Colombia, one can visit some amazing warm beaches, Amazon Rainforest and the Ciudad Perdida – Teyuna (Lost City – Teyuna), an ancient city founded in 660 AD and abandoned between 1550 and 1600 AD. Colombia also offers the best coffee in the world!