In the middle of the Amazon rainforest, there is the beautiful stone fortress of the city of Machu Picchu, which is undoubtedly one of the most emblematic destinations of South America and the world today, with an age dating back more than 500 years old, Machu Picchu captivates every person who likes to venture to travel and know the world. This cultural and natural heritage of humanity is a unique and rare place, for all the mysteries that, more than a hundred years after its discovery, continue to hide in the sight of all travelers.
Machu Picchu is located at an altitude of 7,972 feet (2,430 meters) above sea level; In front of it rises Huayna Picchu, which gives the classic geography to the archaeological zone, its peak reaches 2,720 meters above sea level. At this point, no matter how fit you are, you may experience symptoms of altitude sickness. (Acute mountain sickness) (AMS), this evil can usually occur when you exceed a height of 2,500 masl, especially if you come from low altitude places, if we speak in terms of risk, only the cusps of the Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu mountains would be the places where you would be really prone to acquire such evil. However, despite the situation, statistically very few visitors to the historic sanctuary of Machu Picchu, who come to suffer from this evil.
Therefore, travelers should be cauptious upon arrival in Cusco, the gateway to trek Machu Picchu. The imperial city of Cusco has a height of 3,399 m.s., which is significantly higher than Machu Picchu. Upon your arrival in Cusco, especially if you have flown directly from Lima (at sea level), in a rapid ascent (1 hour), you should take the recommendations to acclimatize.
Newcomers usually want to move from Cusco to the villages of the Sacred Valley of the Incas. These cities are slightly at lower altitudes, so they offer a milder form of acclimatization, before returning to Cusco. Once you have acclimatized in Cusco or in the Sacred Valley, you should not have problems with the altitude of Cusco Machu Picchu. You may still feel out of breath as you travel the site, but the risk of altitude sickness will be reduced.
When one is at high altitudes, in general, above 2,400 m / 7,874 ft there is a reduction in atmospheric pressure and oxygen levels.
The problem of height, for the body, is the shortage of oxygen in Inca Trail Peru. As you go higher, the air becomes scarcer. The highest point on the Inca Trail 4 days is 4,200 m. at this altitude the atmospheric pressure is a little more than half the value at sea level, in the Salkantay tour which is 4,650 m., the problem is greater. The heart and the lungs have to work twice as much to supply oxygen to the tissues.
Travelers who want to know Machu Picchu without any inconvenience, have the option of moving from Cusco to other nearby cities of the Sacred Valley and stay in some of the towns such as Ollantaytambo, Pisaq or Urubamba which are at slightly lower altitudes than those of Cusco and Machu Picchu. Staying about 24 hours in these places provides visitors with a smoother form of acclimatization before returning to Cusco or continuing the great Machu Picchu tour package.
When in deep breathing, sleep is an important time for body adaptation, but avoid sleeping pills and alcohol both affect your breathing while you sleep.
Keep in mind other effects of height during Machu Picchu travel. Some people, especially women, experience swelling in the hands, face and ankles. For what is recommended, avoid wearing tight jewelry and contact lenses.
Coca leaves have been used in the Andes for thousands of years, and are an important part of the high Andean culture. It was one of the most important food sources for the population that has lived and lives in the Andes.
It should be noted that it is not a hallucinogenic drug, the coca leaf, it has proteins, vitamins and minerals, which make it an excellent nutritious option with medicinal properties, well recognized and proven. Therefore, its analgesic effect helps to diminish, the symptoms of height, such as headache and fatigue.