Machu Picchu is the most important attraction of Peru trip. The lost city of the Incas is located at 120 kilometers of Cusco region, in the Urubamba Valley. Since its discovery back in 1911, by the American researcher Hiram Bingham, there have been many hypotheses regarding the construction of the city. However, it is known that the Incas built the city in this rough area of the jungle to avoid access and possible attacks from their enemies. It was the most important Incan center for worship and astronomic observation.
It has two big important areas: to the south, the agriculture area is made up of terraces, aqueducts, etc. To the north, the urban area is the city with its temples, observatories, workshops, and sacred burial plots.
The most impressive way to get to the citadel is trekking the route known as the "Inca Trail" (a fouth day journey). The Inca trail to Machu Picchu trail is one of the most spectacular routes in the world, part of the 23,000 kilometers of road that the Incas built all around South America.
If you have the short time to visit the seventh wonder, we recommend you to take a Machu Picchu train from Cusco. First you have to take a bus from Cusco to Ollantaytambo town, from Ollantaytambo is 2hrs and from Poroy station is 4 hrs aprox.
We recommend to take the Classic Inca Trail 4 day hike to Machu Picchu, is the most famous trek. In case there aren't any spaces available, we recommend the Salkantay trail to Machu Picchu - Choquequirao to Machu Picchu trek.
There are two mountains peaks which tower over the Machu Picchu archaeological site. To climb one of the mountains you need to purchase a pass in combination with your entry ticket-passes, it cannot be purchased separately from entry ticket, and once entry ticket has been purchased a mountain pass cannot be added or cancelled.
The climb to the Huayna Picchu is another highlight in this magical place. The name Huayna Picchu means "young mountain", compared to Machu Picchu "the old mountain". From the top of the young mountain you have an extraordinary view of the archeological complex and of the path that leads to the terraces on the edge of the abyss as well as of some small ruins of temples. Beyond the myths is the testimony of the knowledge and the greatest artistic expression of the Incas. This city catches the attention of all its visitors who admire its magnificent beauty.
It is advisable to travel in the dry season that is from April to October. If you go in the rainy season, which is from November to March, take into account the climatic conditions that may vary. When arriving at Cusco it is important that at least you rest about 2 hours so that your body adapts to the altitude.