The Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu is a 0.04% of Peruvian territory; however contains a large biological and ecosystems diversity of our country. The Machu Picchu area is 32592 hectares included a wonderful variety species (300). It has different ecological levels range from 1725 to 6000 meters above sea level, from humid subtropical cloud forest to the glaciers and snowed peaks. In Machu Picchu, there are two big mountain, the first is Huayna Picchu (2300 m) and second it is Machu Picchu Mountain (3200 m), it is most better Mountain of the Huayna Picchu, because, you can appreciate the complete the lost city of the Incas, Salkantay Mountain and around of the Jungle of Machu Picchu.
The best time Machu Picchu can to be visited in throughout the year for its diversity of microclimates; however, we recommended months are from May to October, corresponding to the dry season (low rainfall), so you can better appreciate the scenery and it is possible find always reseach will reveal more species February, the Inca Trails are closed for maintenance and protection for trekkers. On February, it is raining season and usually is raning every day between 2 hrs to 8 hrs.
The climate in the Machu Picchu citadel is temperate and humid (mean annual temperature varies between 12º to 24ºC.). Usually rainy season is from November to March (average annual rainfall of 1000 - 2000 mm), althought it may have fog and rain all year passing; In the Andean and much of the Inca Trail zone (up to 4000 meters), the climate is dry and cold and the average annual temperature is between 6º and 13º C with annual rainfall less than 1100mm.
Archaeological reseach have confirmed the presence of spaces or ceremonial sectors in each archaeogical site recoded along the Inca Trail and it was organized from the spatiotemporal sacred Andean thought perspective, becoming the best archaeological evidence of the Inca time
The Inca Trail road in the sanctuary area is over 300 kilometers long, with the Route No. 01 of Inka Trail with 33.70 km (approx) one of the most famous and well known in the world, it showing construction features such as bridges, systems of terraces and drainage, articulated archaeoligical multifunctional complexes built with stone founding in the area.