Peru's official languages are Spanish and Quechua which is spoken by the majority of natives residing in Cusco, Sacred Valley of the incas and Machupicchu. In some areas, the Aymara which is the third language officially recognized by the Peruvian State, is spoken in some areas of the country. English is spoken by people who work in tourist services, such as travel agencies, tourist information center and hotel reception. "Spanglish" is a mixture of both languages and will help you quite a lot in your communication with local people in general.
The majority of U.S. and Occidental European citizens do not need a visa to enter Peru. citizens from Bolivia, Ecuador, Brazil, Argentina, Venezuela and Chile do not need a passaport or visa to go to certain parts of Peru. In these cases, the maximum stay is of 90 days (Which can be prorogated by the immigration service). To Peruvian consulate or embassy in your country.
Drink only bottled or boiled water. Be careful with raw vegetables and fruit and always wash them in abundant running tap water before you peal and consume them. Avoid eating food at street stands and in popular restaurants, without having checked out the kitchen's hygiene conditions. If you need medical assistance, get in touch with your hotel's staff or travel agent. If you wish to purchase a traveler's insurance, please get in touch with the travel agent of your choice.
It can be prevented if you rest on the first day of your stay in Cusco. Do not eat heavy food and drink coca leaf infusions. If you travel to Peru's cordillera or jungle, make sure you take insect repellent along, as well as a rain-proof jacket for the rain. Remenber that, in altitude, digestion is slower therefore do not ingest food that is hard to digest.
Many are the routes that take you to Machu Picchu, but none is like the Inca Trail Tours, the most famous pedestrian path in the Americas. After flying from the capital of Perú, Lima, you will arrive in Cusco to walk for four days along a path through forests and dense fog, millenary stone steps and discovering the ruins of ancient fortifications and Inca cities, and all the time enjoying majestic views.
The best season is during the dry season, which covers the months April to the end of September. In October the rains begin and you can find Machu Picchu covered by clouds. If you travel in June, we recommend you to book the Inti Raymi 2020 Tour that takes place in June 24th, and also hike the Palcoyo Mountain Tour, which is an incredible Rainbow Mountain located in the Andes.