Puno is one of the most important cities in the edge of the Titicaca, the most navigable and highest lake of the world. The city of Puno is considered the Folk Capital of America, because of its 300 variety of traditional dances. The Sikuri and the Diablada are typical dances perfomed during festivities such as that of the Virgen de la Candelaria the city's patron. This festivity is held in February and gathers thousands of people. Puno is located on these cold high plains at 4000 MAMSL. The city also knwon as the land of camelidae, was the home of Tiahuanaco culture many thousands of years ago. This culture has some of the most beautiful legacies such as the Puerta del Sol (The Sun Gate), a temple sculpted in stone.
Sillustani, just outside of Puno, is the site of some of the areas most impressive funerary towers (chullpas). They were built by the Colla people around 600 AD to bury their nobility. Entire families, along with food and personal possessions were buried in these cylinders.
The tallest of the several towers at Sillustani is 12 m/38 ft. Most of these are set along the bank of Lake Umayo. The scenery here is beautiful. Visitors walk up a hill from the parking lot to the plateau above. The towers stand at the far end of the field with the lake in behind. Below the parking lot is a small marshy lake where locals can be seen poling along in their boats, harvesting reeds.
The small town of Pomata is located about 100km/60 mi. from Puno, along the south shore of Lake Titicaca. The main attraction in this little village is the Dominican Church on top of a hill. The church was built in 1700 and has carved puma in the facade. Pomata means 'place of the Puma'. There is not a whole lot to see in this town and there is only very limited accommodation.