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La Convencion

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La Convencion

The warm province of La Convención in Quillabamba, Cusco Perú, is the owner of imposing waterfalls and archaeological remains that are confused with the greenery of fantasy forests, fruits, coffee, cocoa and the sacred coca leaf.

 

Known for beautiful landscapes and hot springs, located on the slopes of a mountain and on the banks of the Urubamba River.

 

A province full of fantasy forests, archaeological sites, waterfalls, fruit, cocoa, coffee, exquisite tea, flora and fauna and warm people will welcome you. Dare to visit it.

 

 

Where is La Convención located?

The province of La Convención is located in Quillabamba, in the region of Cusco, Perú. This is the largest in the region and is divided into ten districts such as: Santa Ana, Echarate, Huayopata, Maranura, Ocobamba, Quelloúno, Kimbiri, Santa Teresa, Vilcabamba and Pichari.

 

Altitude

La Convención in Quillabamba, is the largest province in Cusco Perú, it is located 1047 meters above sea level.

 

History

The Convention was created as a province on July 25, 1857. The housing history of that one arises many years before when diverse Amazonian tribes lived in its territory that the later Inca people tried to subdue. This province is important at a historical and mythical level because from it arises the dream of El Dorado, so different Spanish estates are built in the vicinity of the province.

 

Although the territorial limits with which the convent province was created were not precisely marked (it extended to the borders with Brazil and Bolivia), it is estimated that its initial extension reached 300,000 K2. The creation of the department of Madre de Dios in 1912, of the district of Tambo in the province of Jauja in 1943, of the province of Satipo in 1965, and finally of the department of Ucayali in 1982, meant successive cuts for the Conventional territory which has been reduced to a tenth of the initial, approximately to about 30,061.82 K2.

 

The province of La Convencion was formerly known as Wilcapampa Yunca and was inhabited by human groups such as the Mañaríes, Pilcozones and Izcaringas, they made contact with the members of the Inca Culture, who apparently were in Vilcabamba.

 

The jungle eyebrow, which makes this province peculiar, was and is currently inhabited by Matsigueng ethnic groups, in Lower Urubamba territories. During the colonial era, it was an area of evangelization and land concession for the conquerors, beginning with this occupation the formation of the haciendas in the valley, where the main production revolved around sugar cane and brandy; various fruits and the coca leaf.

 

As a result of the malaria epidemic in the 1930s and 1940s, the landowners offered small plots in exchange for work on their land, for a certain period, immigrants then became "landowners" of the landowners, as a particular form of tenure.

 

Over the years, the "arrendires" sublet their plots to their relatives, who built their houses becoming populated centers. In this way Quillabamba, capital of the province of La Convencion, was officially created as Villa and Capital on November 29, 1918 by Law No. 2890, promulgated by the Government of José Pardo y La Valle, later by Law No. 12834 of date September 13, 1957 is conferred the category of City.

The vast convent territory was the scene of the resistance of the Incas in Vilcabamba. It was in this town one of the bastions where the first peasant unions in Latin America were born, and the struggles for land ownership began in 1958, in Peru, they initially conquered in 1964, the first Law of Reform Agrarian approved by Fernando Belaunde Terry. In 1969, Juan Velasco Alvarado promulgated a second law, which provides for the expropriation of land. One of the characters in these struggles was the peasant leader Hugo Blanco Galdós.

 

Tourism in La Convención Cusco

The Convention is an area producing coffee, cocoa and more. When one travels to the province of La Convencion, time is short to discover its beauty. Each district offers a range of tourism possibilities in La Convención Cusco. Each one will decide if they discover landscapes with waterfalls, multicolored fauna and flora, food, sunrises and dusk, when crossing their multiple paths:

 

Quillabamba city

Plaza de Armas, main town church, food market.

 

Echarati

Siete Tinajas (waterfall), the Megantoni National Sanctuary, the Pongo de Mainique, the Tonkini and the Matsiguenga communal reserve.

 

The Megantoni National Sanctuary occupies an average of 215,868 hectares. There is an impressive variety of flora and fauna. On this it is important to mention that Megantoni is the refuge of rare species such as the black partridge among other endemic species of the Sanctuary.

 

The Pongo de Mainique is located in the central part of the Urubamba River basin. Its name comes from "Mayne", which is the name that the natives give to the bear. In Pongo de Mainique you can see beautiful waterfalls, this becomes an ideal point for those visitors who love adventure sports and contact with natural settings due to its rich landscapes and geographical features.

 

Vilcabamba

The Vilcabamba Archaeological Complex is characterized by a landscape of strong contrasts. Also because high mountain ranges, deep canyons and inter-Andean valleys combine as a result of the erosion of a complex system of water courses that drain into the jungle.

 

Otishi National Park is a natural setting that houses ecological and ethnic wealth. This is part of the Vilcabamba-Amboró corridor. This has been created as such with the intention of protecting the Vilcabamba mountain range, as well as because it presents endemic flora and fauna species in its territory.

 

The Espiritu Pampa Archaeological Ensemble is the last refuge of the men of the Inca empire since it was founded by Manco Inca. In the place you can see today the remains of that city built in 1539 and burned by the Spanish in 1572.

 

The Rosaspata Ruins is an architectural space in which, according to some scholars, the last Inca men would have developed.

 

Quellouno

The Yoyiteni waterfall and is better known as the capital of the "orange".

 

Quimbiri

In this locality they are populated like the shaninkas. Among its attractions are mentioned apart from the varied production, cocoa, coffee, coca and rice, the Samaniato swamps, known for the presence of stagnant bodies of water and the vegetation that formed over the years, its original extent reached more of 15 hectares, it was inhabited by animals such as the capybara (ronsoco), boas among other animals that, due to hunting and the reduction of the space they inhabited, became extinct or had to find new living spaces.

 

Pichari

Without a doubt, its main attraction is the chain of waterfalls such as: El Rey del VRAE, Velo de Novia, Secreto del Amor, Angela, El Ángel and Salto del Gallito.

 

Santa Teresa

Choquequirao, Nevado de Salkantay and the thermal baths of Cocalmayo.

 

The Choquequirao Archaeological Complex is located in the Santa Teresa district. This was discovered in 1768, although without major relevance. The Complex would have been built by the Inca Pachacútec since it has many similarities with Machu Picchu, although there are scholars who believe that it is a building after this mandate. To get to Choquequirao, you must hike the Choquequirao Trek 5 DaysChoquequirao to Machu Picchu TrekChoquequirao Trek 4 Days.

 

The Cocalmayo thermal baths are made up of three pools of medicinal waters from underground, with a temperature that varies between 40 and 44 degrees Celsius. 

 

Maranura

Yanai-Mandor Falls and Chinche Hacienda and Sanctuary.

 

Huayopata

Nevado de la Verónica, Huamanmarka, Inkatambo, remains of Yanantin Orco and Abra de Málaga. The well-known Te Huyro is made in this town.

 

The Abra Málaga is an important private conservation area that is the refuge of the last forests of Queuña. For the Inca Jungle Trek that cross the Abra Málaga is not neccesary to buy a permit, but you need a permit for next treks: 4 day Inca Trail Tour2 day Inca TrailMachu Picchu 3 day hike2 day Inca Trail with campingOne day Inca Trail

 

Ocobamba

It is very rich in natural resources, agriculture becomes the main economic activity with the abundant production of coffee, avocados, bananas, citrus, etc.

 

The tourism in La Convención Cusco also highlights certain festivities among which we can mention:

 

The Lord of Wari

In the Lucma sector, the Yuraq Rumi archaeological site, Rosas Pata, the Vitcos archaeological site, the Inka Tambo and Espiritu Pampa archaeological group.

 

The Quillabamba Festival

It is celebrated between July 25 and 29. In honor of the Quillabamba anniversary. These days, guided tourist tours are scheduled, as well as gastronomic festivals and a contest to choose the queen of coffee.

 

La Convencion tourist week

During the month of November in which different events are held both in the sports, cultural and tourist areas. Among other festivities.

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