Peru is a country located in eastern South America, bordering Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile and the Pacific Ocean. It is a territory of valleys, summits and highlands. With the Andes and the Amazon as great banners of a natural heritage in which Machi Picchu stands out. Do you know what the capital of Peru is?
Lima City has in its essence streets the trace that left the colonial era and vitality that overflows its streets; in the winter the weather is generally cloudy with light rain and summers with the best views on the horizon, with the sea breeze; urban sprawl with new streets and quiet, elegant corners among ancient buildings, the night air is scented with a unique essence that makes them feel an incomparable tranquility.
Location: Central Coast Peru
Altitude: 154 MAMSL
One of the theories about the origin of the name of the city is that it comes from the Quechua word Limaq. And its meaning is “he who speaks” or “he who has the ability to speak.” According to the text, however, the name does not refer to the inhabitants of the Lima- Peru city, but to the Rimac River which is known as “the talkative river”, because dragging stones in its channel generates a sound similar to a babble.
The capital of the Republic of Peru is Lima and was founded in 1535. Lima was founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro in 1535, who chose it as the capital due to its strategic location and its main port, Callao, which was a focal point on the “coast of Peru and South America”. Lima was the Spanish political, commercial and ecclesiastical capital of South America, where it was located and viceroys of the headquarters of the Holy Inquisition. In colonial times the city was considered the most important metropolis in Latin America.
Today, Lima is the economic and political center of the country and home to nearly 30% of the total population of Peru. His survivors Columbian and colonial buildings and houses temples give the city a wonderful mix of architecture. The city center is where you can appreciate this mixture visiting the Cathedral, the Torre Tagle Palace, San Francisco, Santo Domingo, San Pedro and Las Nazarenas church and the beautiful nineteenth century houses that have stunning balconies. A little later, on the way to Miraflores, another important area of the city, it is the Indian Tom Pucllana, an impressive pre-Columbian ceremonial complex, which many say is a very good starting point of the tour.
Lima, the capital of Peru is located in the coastal desert of Peru, at the foot of the western slope of the central Andes of Peru. Although the settlement of Spaniards was located on the Rímac river valley, in the domains of Taulli Chugo, today it extends over large desert areas and even over other valleys. While the main square is located at an altitude of 161 meters above sea level, the district of Lurigancho reaches 950 meters above sea level.
It borders the coast from Km 50 of the North Pan-American Highway, at the height of the Ancón District on the border with the Province of Huaral, to the District of Pucusana at the height of km 70 of the South Pan-American Highway, on the border of the Province of Cañete. What makes an extension of just over 130 km of Coast and Beaches. To the east it extends to approximately kilometer 50 of the Central Highway in the District of Chosica, bordering the Province of Huarochirí.
The Pan-American Highway connects Lima with several cities along the coast of Peru, Ecuador and Chile. To the east, the Central Highway allows communication with cities in the mountains and the central jungle.
From Jorge Chavez International Airport you can take flights to the main cities of Peru and the world. It is located in the Province of Callao, 40 minutes from the city of Lima.
The weather in Lima Peru is especially particular given its situation. It combines a practical absence of precipitation, with a very high level of atmospheric humidity and persistent cloud cover. Thus, it surprises with its strange characteristics despite being located in a Tropical zone at 12 degrees south latitude and almost at sea level. The Peruvian central coast shows a series of atypical microclimates due to the influential and cold Humboldt Current that derives from Antarctica, the proximity of the mountain range and the tropical location, giving Lima a subtropical, desert and humid climate at the same time.
It can be said that the weather in Lima Peru is warm without excessive tropical heat or extreme cold that requires heating at home, except for very few winters. The average annual temperature is 18.5 to 19 ° C, with an annual maximum of about 29 ° C. The summers, from December to April, have temperatures ranging between 28 and 21 ° C. Only when a Child Phenomenon occurs, the temperature in summer can exceed 31 ° C. Winters go from June to September halves with temperatures ranging between 19 and 12 ° C, with 5 ° C being the lowest temperature historically proven. The months of spring and autumn (September, October and May) have mild temperatures ranging between 23 and 17 ° C.
On the other hand, the relative humidity is extremely high (up to 100%), producing persistent fog from June to December until the entry of summer when the clouds are lower. It is sunny, humid and hot in the summers (December-April), cloudy and temperate in the winters (June to September). The rain is almost nil. The annual average is 7 mm reported at the airport, being the smallest amount in a metropolitan area in the world. Lima has only 1284 hours of sunshine per year, 28.6 hours in July and 179.1 hours in January, exceptionally low values for latitude.
The combination of climatic phenomena is presented as follows:
|Lima Peru Weather||Station||Min Temp.||Max. Temp||Humidity|
|Summer (January – March)||Warm||21 °C||30° C||70%|
|Fall (April – June)||Cold||17° C||22° C||80%|
|Winter (July – September)||Cold||14° C||18° C||95%|
|Spring (October – December)||Warm||17° C||24° C||80%|
Lima Perú capital with a population of 7,605,742 inhabitants (does not include the port of Callao), houses about a quarter of the total Peruvian population and reflects the great ethnic and cultural diversity that the country has. Its millions of inhabitants are mainly a product of the rural migration of the last decades, especially since the 60s of the 20th century. At the beginning of independence, it was constituted essentially by the old white population of Spanish, mestizo, Amerindian and African origin that it had since the viceroyalty. With the beginning of the Republic, the city became the recipient of European immigrants (mostly Italian, British, French, German and other Central European) and, at the end of the 19th century, of Asian immigrants (essentially Chinese and Japanese), contributing even more to the ethnic diversity that the city already had. Lima is ranked 27th among the most populated cities in the world.
The descendants of Europeans constitute the economically dominant segment of the population of Lima Peru, very active in the industry and finances of the city, most of which are descendants of Spaniards and Italians, but there are a significant number of Germans and other centers -European. Afro-Peruvians, who were initially brought into the region as slaves, are also an important group, despite their numerical minority, of the city’s ethnic variety. During the 20th century, Lima- Peru city was also a recipient of Asian communities, particularly of Japanese and Chinese ancestors. The Japanese community is the second largest in South America after that of São Paulo. However, it is the descendants of migrants from the rest of the country (from the middle of the last century onwards), mostly mestizos, who currently make up the majority of the Lima Peru population.
According to a survey conducted in 2008 by the Institute of Public Opinion of the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru, of the 503 respondents, 63% considered Mestizo, 22% Amerindian (Quechua, Amazon and Aymara), 7% White, 4% Afroperuano, 1% Asian and 3% do not need or consider themselves from other groups.
Intense cultural activities and entertainment have characterized this city since the sixteenth century, and now he offers a number of museums and art galleries, as well as modern shopping centers and nightlife. Another interesting aspect of the city is its rich ethnic fusion that can be seen in his witty and funny people, in the tradition of the Lord of Miracles (Lord of Miracles), and also the wide range of culinary options.In 1991 UNESCO declared Lima Monument history of mankind, so the opportunity to visit this wonderful city is not lost.
Gastronomic visits that reveal Lima as the locals know it, with many samples in the markets. It offers a friendly relationship with customers, personalized options and internal access to less known culinary treasures. Tours are available in English.
Located about 31 km southeast of the city center, the archaeological complex of Pachacamac is a pre-Columbian citadel with adobe and stone palaces and temple pyramids.
In a mansion of the viceroy of the eighteenth century, this museum offers one of the largest and best presented ceramic exhibits in Lima. Founded by the pre-Columbian collector Rafael Larco Hoyle in 1926, the collection includes more than 50,000 pots, with ceramic works from the Cupisnique, Chimú, Chancay, Nazca and Inca cultures.
It is known as the final resting place for three important Peruvian saints: San Juan Macías, Santa Rosa de Lima and San Martín de Porres (the first black saint of the continent). The convent, an extensive complex full of courtyards lined with baroque paintings and clad in ancient Spanish tiles, contains the tombs of the saints.
RELATED STORY: CONVENT OF SAN FRANCISCO
Historic Center of Lima (Centro Histórico): This UNESCO World Heritage site is home to stunning colonial architecture, including the Plaza Mayor (Main Square), the Cathedral of Lima, and the Government Palace.
RELATED STORY: GOVERNMENT PALACE IN LIMA PERU
Larco Museum: Known for its extensive collection of pre-Columbian art, the Larco Museum showcases ancient artifacts, ceramics, and gold and silver pieces from various Peruvian civilizations.
Miraflores: A vibrant district along the coast, Miraflores offers beautiful parks, upscale shopping centers like Larcomar, and an array of restaurants serving delicious Peruvian cuisine. Don’t miss the Miraflores Boardwalk for breathtaking views of the Pacific Ocean.
Barranco: Known for its bohemian and artistic atmosphere, Barranco features colorful streets, art galleries, charming cafes, and the famous Puente de los Suspiros (Bridge of Sighs). It’s a great place to enjoy live music and experience Lima’s vibrant nightlife.
San Francisco Church and Catacombs: This historic church showcases stunning architecture and houses an eerie network of catacombs beneath it. Take a guided tour to explore the catacombs and learn about Lima’s history.
Huaca Pucllana: This archaeological site in Miraflores features ancient ruins of the Lima culture. Take a guided tour to learn about the history and significance of this pre-Inca site.
Museo de Arte de Lima (MALI): Located in the historic district, MALI displays a vast collection of Peruvian art from pre-Columbian times to contemporary works.
RELATED STORY: THE LIMA ART MUSEUM (MALI)
Traveling to Peru is to wake up pending dreams, is to connect with oneself, is to enter 5 thousand years of living history. Get ready to master waves on Totora horses, surfboards and enjoy sunsets in oases with protective dunes. In the mountains, with the sound of quenas in the wind, you will breathe the pure air of the Andes and contemplate with devotion the harmony of man with nature in Machu Picchu. In the jungle, the Amazon River will welcome you with pink dolphins and invite you to dance, to be free. To cross the regions of Peru is to enjoy a mestizo gastronomy, unique and recognized in the world. If your heart says yes, dare to visit it.
You can choose between one of the amazing treks to Machu Picchu, or other amazing walks in Cusco, among which are some of the most amazing hiking trails in the world.
The Historic and Natural Sanctuary of Machu Picchu offers many walks; long, short, relaxed, adventurous and extreme; such as the “Inca trail”, the
“Short Inca Trail to Machu Picchu“, the “Inca Jungle Trek” or the “Salkantay trek”, all with the same destination, Machu Picchu.